Latent Transformed Growth-inhibiting Factor in Human Malignant Effusions

D. K. Podolsky, D. K. Pleskow, H. Jafari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


An inhibitor of soft agar colony formation by a human breast carci-noma-derived cell line was found to be present in latent form in the majority of cytology-positive human malignant effusions. Prior to dialysis, addition of human malignant effusions resulted in 10% alteration in efficiency of colony formation by the BT-20 human breast carcinoma cell line (mean efficiency 1 colony/4.3 cells plated at 14 days; mean colony diameter 0.8 mm). After dialysis (membrane cutoff of 3500 molecular weight), 58 of 70 malignant effusions from patients with a variety of epithelial cell carcinomas resulted in 71% mean inhibition of colony formation (range 19.1-98% inhibition). Similar inhibition of an-chorage-independent growth was observed for a human colon cancer-derived cell line (HCT-15) but not for polyoma and murine sarcoma virus-transformed rodent fibroblast lines. The malignant effusion-related transformed cell growth-inhibiting factor (TGIF) was sensitive to heat, sulfhydryl reduction, and protease treatment. TGIF-containing effusion resulted in parallel inhibition of thymidine incorporation in sensitive cell types in vitro. TGIF was predpitable in 28-34% ammonium sulfate with reconstitution of activity after resolubilization. TGIF was partially purified by chromatography on Biogel A-0.5 and Biogel P-100 which yielded two peaks of inhibitory activity. The predominant species had an approximate molecular weight of 110,000 and could be recovered as a single species from DEAE-cellulose at relatively high salt concentrations (0.4 m NaCl). A smaller amount of inhibitory activity was recovered from Biogel P-100 or Biogel P-60 with an apparent molecular weight of 55,000. The higher molecular-weight TGIF which appears to be a dimer of the Mr55,000 protein is distinguishable from previously described growth-promoting and -inhibiting factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)418-424
Number of pages7
JournalCancer Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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