Investigating the power of goodness-of-fit tests for multinomial logistic regression

Hamzah Abdul Hamid, Yap Bee Wah, Xian Jin Xie, Ong Seng Huat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Goodness-of-fit tests are important to assess if the model fits the data. In this paper we investigate the Type I error and power of two goodness-of-fit tests for multinomial logistic regression via a simulation study. The GoF test using partitioning strategy (clustering) in the covariate space, (Formula presented.) was compared with another test, Cg which was based on grouping of predicted probabilities. The power of both tests was investigated when the quadratic term or an interaction term were omitted from the model. The proposed test (Formula presented.) shows good Type I error and ample power except for models with highly skewed covariate distribution. The proposed test (Formula presented.) also has good power in detecting omission of continuous interaction term.The application on a real dataset was performed to illustrate the use of goodness-of-fit test for multinomial logistic regression in practice using R.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1039-1055
Number of pages17
JournalCommunications in Statistics: Simulation and Computation
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 21 2018


  • 62E17
  • Cluster analysis
  • Goodness-of-fit test
  • Multinomial logistic regression
  • R
  • Simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Modeling and Simulation


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