Incisor and mandibular condylar movements of young adult females during maximum protrusion and lateratrusion of the jaw

P. H. Buschang, G. S. Throckmorton, K. H. Travers, H. Hayasaki

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29 Scopus citations


This study evaluated the correlations between condylar translation and incisor movements during maximum protrusion and lateratrusion. The sample was 27 adult females (23-35 years old), selected for normal temporomandibular function, occlusion, and skeletal patterns. Condylar and mandibular central incisor movements [linear distances (LD) and curvilinear pathways (CP)] were recorded in three dimensions for 20 s with an optoelectric (Optotrak®) jaw-tracking system while each participant performed multiple maximum protrusive and lateratrusive cycles. Masticatory analysis and multilevel statistical programs computed the three-dimensional movements of the incisors and condylar hinge axis during protrusion and lateratrusion. CP of the incisor point averaged 12.0 mm (9.3 mm LD) during protrusion, 13.0 mm (11.5 mm LD) during right excursion and 12.3 mm (11.0 mm LD) during left excursion. CP of the condyles averaged 11.9-12.9 (9.2-9.5 LD) mm during protrusion. During lateratrusion the contralateral condyles moved anteroinferiorly 11.6-14.1 mm (9.5-10.2 mm LD); the ipsilateral condyles moved posterolaterally 5.8-6.8 mm (2.3-2.5 mm LD). The left condyles demonstrated more movement than the right condyles during protrusion and than the contralateral condyles during laterotrusion. Relative variation, as measured by the coefficient of variation, was greater for the movements of the ipsilateral than contralateral condyles. Incisor movements were only moderately related to condylar movements between individuals and between replicates; LDs showed stronger correlations than CPs; and correlations were stronger for lateratrusion than protrusion. While incisor and condylar movements were not affected by repeated protrusion, incisor CP (approx. 0.2 mm/cycle) and LD (approx. 0.1 mm/cycle) increased significantly with repeated excursive movements to the left and right. It was concluded that (1) incisor protrusion and lateratrusion provide moderately reliable measures of condylar translation; (2) the linear distances that the incisors move during lateratrusion provide the best measure of contralateral condylar translation; and (3) condylar movements are not affected by repeated protrusion or lateratrusion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-48
Number of pages10
JournalArchives of Oral Biology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2001


  • Adult females
  • Condyles
  • Incisors
  • Kinematics
  • Lateratrusion
  • Protrusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • General Dentistry
  • Cell Biology


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