In situ simulation to assess workplace attitudes and effectiveness in a new facility

Aimee King Gardner, Rami A. Ahmed, Richard L. George, Jennifer A. Frey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Introduction: In situ simulation within new facilities holds the promise of identifying latent safety threats. The aim of this study was to identify if in situ simulation can also impact important employee perceptions and attitudes. Methods: In the current study, health care professionals of an adult, urban, community teaching hospital level 1 trauma center participated in simulated scenarios in a new emergency department. Before and after the simulated scenarios, participants provided responses to the variables regarding their ability to work in the new facility and other work-related variables. Results: Significant increases in communication (P = 0.05), facility clinical readiness (P < 0.05), self-efficacy (P < 0.01), trauma readiness (P < 0.01), and work space satisfaction (P < 0.05) were found from presimulation to postsimulation. The results also demonstrated a significant decrease from presimulation to postsimulation with performance beliefs (P < 0.001). Finally, cardiac readiness did not reveal a significant change from presimulation to postsimulation. Discussion: In situ simulation exercises before practicing clinically in a new facility can both increase familiarity with new clinical environments and impact important organizational outcomes. Thus, simulation in a new work space can influence factors important to employees, organizations, and patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)351-358
Number of pages8
JournalSimulation in Healthcare
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2013


  • Emergency service
  • Facility readiness
  • Organizational outcomes
  • Simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Education
  • Modeling and Simulation


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