DAF-12 is nematode-specific nuclear receptor that has been proposed to govern development of the infectious stage of parasitic species, including Strongyloides stercoralis. Here, we identified a parasite-specific coactivator, called DAF-12 interacting protein-1 (DIP-1), that is required for DAF-12 ligand-dependent transcriptional activity. DIP-1 is found only in Strongyloides spp. and selectively interacts with DAF-12 through an atypical receptor binding motif. Using CRISPR/Cas9-directed mutagenesis, we demonstrate that DAF-12 is required for the requisite developmental arrest and the ligand-dependent reactivation of infectious S. stercoralis infective third-stage larvae, and that these effects require the DIP-1 coactivator. These studies reveal the existence of a distinct nuclear receptor/coactivator signaling pathway that governs parasite development.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Feb 23 2021|
- Nematode parasite
- Nuclear receptor
- Strongyloides stercoralis
ASJC Scopus subject areas