Identification of a metabolic difference accounting for the hyper- and hyporesponder phenotypes of cynomolgus monkey

Stephen D. Turley, David K. Spady, John M. Dietschy

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31 Scopus citations


These studies were done to determine whether an underlying metabolic difference could account for the higher concentration of cholesterol carried in low density lipoproteins (LDL-C) in male hyperresponder (HR) cynomolgus monkeys than in their hyporesponder (HO) counterparts during dietary cholesterol challenge. All animals were fed to steady state at 5 months a diet that had a constant concentration of cholesterol (0.19 mg/g), triacylglycerol (175 mg/g), and soluble fiber. There were no differences in these two phenotypes with respect to the profile of fatty acids in the liver and bile acids in the gallbladder, or in the relationship of cholesterol synthesis to cholesteryl ester formation in the liver. The rate of cholesterol synthesis in all extrahepatic tissues was also the same in the HO and HR animals but was 2.1 mg/day per kg body weight less in the liver of the HR monkeys. When challenged with a greater dietary cholesterol load, therefore, the HR animal could not readily further down-regulate synthesis and so shifted more cholesterol into the ester pool (9.4 mg/g) than did the HO animal (3.9 mg/g). Also the LDL-C concentration was more markedly elevated (412 mg/dl) compared to the hyporesponder monkey (188 mg/dl). Thus, this single metabolic alteration apparently accounted for the HO and HR phenotypes. As this difference was not due to variation in the delivery of sterol from the extrahepatic organs to the liver, it must reflect a difference in either net intestinal sterol absorption or net hepatic sterol excretion in the two phenotypes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1598-1611
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of lipid research
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1997


  • Atherosclerosis
  • Bile acid
  • Cholesterol
  • Cholesteryl ester
  • Liver
  • Low density lipoprotein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology


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