History Repeating—How Pandemics Collide with Health Disparities in the United States

Grace McCarthy, Sarah Shore, Esra Ozdenerol, Altha Stewart, Arash Shaban-Nejad, David L. Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Across the United States, public health responses to the COVID-19 pandemic have fallen short. COVID-19 has exacerbated longstanding public health shortfalls in disadvantaged communities. Was this predestined? Understanding where we are today requires reflection on our longer journey. Disparities cataloged during COVID-19 reflect the same unequal host exposure and susceptibility risks that shaped previous pandemics. In this review, we provide historical context to better understand current events and to showcase forgotten lessons which may motivate future action to protect our most vulnerable citizens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1455-1465
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Health disparities
  • Pandemic
  • Public health
  • United States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Anthropology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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