Hierarchy of sorting signals in chimeras of intestinal lactase-phlorizin hydrolase and the influenza virus hemagglutinin

Ralf Jacob, Ute Preuss, Petra Panzer, Marwan Alfalah, Stephanie Quack, Mike G. Roth, Hussein Naim, Hassan Y. Naim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Lactase-phlorizin hydrolase (LPH) is an apical protein in intestinal cells. The location of sorting Signals in LPH was investigated by preparing a series of mutants that lacked the LPH cytoplasmic domain or had the cytoplasmic domain of LPH replaced by sequences that comprised basolateral targeting signals and overlapping internalization signals of various potency. These signals are mutants of the cytoplasmic domain of the influenza hemagglutinin (HA), which have been shown to be dominant in targeting HA to the basolateral membrane. The LPH-HA chimeras were expressed in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) and colon carcinoma (Caco-2) cells, and their transport to the cell surface was analyzed. All of the LPH mutants were targeted correctly to the apical membrane. Furthermore, the LPH-HA chimeras were internalized, indicating that the HA tails were available to interact with the cytoplasmic components of clathrin-coated pits. The introduction of a strong basolateral sorting signal into LPH was not sufficient to override the strong apical signals of the LPH external domain or transmembrane domains. These results show that basolateral sorting signals are not always dominant over apical sorting signals in proteins that contain each and suggest that sorting of basolateral from apical proteins occurs within a common compartment where competition for sorting signals can occur.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8061-8067
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number12
StatePublished - Mar 19 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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