Haemophilus influenzae type b osteomyelitis in infants and children

M. H. Lebel, J. D. Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Haemophilus influenzae type b has rarely been implicated as a pathogen of osteomyelitis in infants and children. Sixteen cases of Haemophilus osteomyelitis were identified in a 28-year review, representing 4.4% of all cases during that period. In the 1 to 24 months age group, H. influenzae type b caused 13.3% of all cases of osteomyelitis. The mean age was 15 months (range, 12 days to 34 months). All cases had fever, 75% had a history of a preceding respiratory tract infection, 75% had localized swelling, 69% had decreased range of motion of the affected or adjacent joint, 38% had local erythema and 13% had localized tenderness. The lower extremities were involved more often than the upper limbs. Concurrent adjacent suppurative arthritis was present in 75% and meningitis in 19% of patients. Clinical resolution was satisfactory in all but two of our patients, and both were associated with suppurative arthritis and inadequate surgical drainage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)250-254
Number of pages5
JournalPediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


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