Genetic analysis of activity, brain and behavioral associations in extended families with heavy genetic loading for bipolar disorder

Annabel Vreeker, Scott C. Fears, Susan K. Service, Lucia Pagani, Joseph S. Takahashi, Carmen Araya, Xinia Araya, Julio Bejarano, Maria C. Lopez, Gabriel Montoya, Claudia Patricia Montoya, Terri M. Teshiba, Javier Escobar, Rita M. Cantor, Carlos López-Jaramillo, Gabriel MacAya, Julio Molina, Victor I. Reus, Chiara Sabatti, Roel A. OphoffNelson B. Freimer, Carrie E. Bearden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Background Disturbed sleep and activity are prominent features of bipolar disorder type I (BP-I). However, the relationship of sleep and activity characteristics to brain structure and behavior in euthymic BP-I patients and their non-BP-I relatives is unknown. Additionally, underlying genetic relationships between these traits have not been investigated. Methods Relationships between sleep and activity phenotypes, assessed using actigraphy, with structural neuroimaging (brain) and cognitive and temperament (behavior) phenotypes were investigated in 558 euthymic individuals from multi-generational pedigrees including at least one member with BP-I. Genetic correlations between actigraphy-brain and actigraphy-behavior associations were assessed, and bivariate linkage analysis was conducted for trait pairs with evidence of shared genetic influences. Results More physical activity and longer awake time were significantly associated with increased brain volumes and cortical thickness, better performance on neurocognitive measures of long-term memory and executive function, and less extreme scores on measures of temperament (impulsivity, cyclothymia). These associations did not differ between BP-I patients and their non-BP-I relatives. For nine activity-brain or activity-behavior pairs there was evidence for shared genetic influence (genetic correlations); of these pairs, a suggestive bivariate quantitative trait locus on chromosome 7 for wake duration and verbal working memory was identified. Conclusions Our findings indicate that increased physical activity and more adequate sleep are associated with increased brain size, better cognitive function and more stable temperament in BP-I patients and their non-BP-I relatives. Additionally, we found evidence for pleiotropy of several actigraphy-behavior and actigraphy-brain phenotypes, suggesting a shared genetic basis for these traits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)494-502
Number of pages9
JournalPsychological Medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 2021


  • Actigraphy
  • activity
  • bipolar disorder
  • brain
  • cognitive function
  • sleep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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