Galactic cosmic ray simulation at the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory

John W. Norbury, Walter Schimmerling, Tony C. Slaba, Edouard I. Azzam, Francis F. Badavi, Giorgio Baiocco, Eric Benton, Veronica Bindi, Eleanor A. Blakely, Steve R. Blattnig, David A. Boothman, Thomas B. Borak, Richard A. Britten, Stan Curtis, Michael Dingfelder, Marco Durante, William S. Dynan, Amelia J. Eisch, S. Robin Elgart, Dudley T. GoodheadPeter M. Guida, Lawrence H. Heilbronn, Christine E. Hellweg, Janice L. Huff, Amy Kronenberg, Chiara La Tessa, Derek I. Lowenstein, Jack Miller, Takashi Morita, Livio Narici, Gregory A. Nelson, Ryan B. Norman, Andrea Ottolenghi, Zarana S. Patel, Guenther Reitz, Adam Rusek, Ann Sofie Schreurs, Lisa A. Scott-Carnell, Edward Semones, Jerry W. Shay, Vyacheslav A. Shurshakov, Lembit Sihver, Lisa C. Simonsen, Michael D. Story, Mitchell S. Turker, Yukio Uchihori, Jacqueline Williams, Cary J. Zeitlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

116 Scopus citations


Most accelerator-based space radiation experiments have been performed with single ion beams at fixed energies. However, the space radiation environment consists of a wide variety of ion species with a continuous range of energies. Due to recent developments in beam switching technology implemented at the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory (NSRL) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), it is now possible to rapidly switch ion species and energies, allowing for the possibility to more realistically simulate the actual radiation environment found in space. The present paper discusses a variety of issues related to implementation of galactic cosmic ray (GCR) simulation at NSRL, especially for experiments in radiobiology. Advantages and disadvantages of different approaches to developing a GCR simulator are presented. In addition, issues common to both GCR simulation and single beam experiments are compared to issues unique to GCR simulation studies. A set of conclusions is presented as well as a discussion of the technical implementation of GCR simulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)38-51
Number of pages14
JournalLife Sciences in Space Research
StatePublished - Feb 2016


  • Galactic cosmic ray simulation
  • Space radiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Ecology
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


Dive into the research topics of 'Galactic cosmic ray simulation at the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this