G protein βγ subunits: Simplified purification and properties of novel isoforms

Natsuo Ueda, Jorge A. Iñiguez-Lluhi, Ethan Lee, Alan V. Smrcka, Janet D. Robishaw, Alfred G. Gilman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

176 Scopus citations


The β and γ subunits of heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding regulatory proteins (G proteins) form tightly associated complexes. To examine functional differences among the large number of possible combinations of unique β and γ subunits, we have synthesized and characterized βγ complexes containing γ5 and γ7, two widely distributed γ subunits. When either γ5 or γ7 is expressed concurrently with β1 or β2 subunits in a baculovirus/Sf9 cell system, all four subunit complexes support pertussis toxin-catalyzed ADP-ribosylation of rGiα1 (where "r" indicates recombinant), indicating formation of functional complexes. Each of the complexes was purified by subunit exchange chromatography, using the G203A mutant of rGiα1 as the immobilized ligand. The purified preparations were compared with other recombinant βγ subunits, including β1γ1 and β1γ1, for their ability to modulate type I and II adenylyl cyclase activities; stimulate phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase Cβ; support pertussis toxin-catalyzed ADP-ribosylation of rGiα1 and G; and inhibit steady-state GTP hydrolysis catalyzed by G, G, and myristoylated rGiα2. The results emphasize the unique properties of β1γ1. The properties of the complexes containing γ5 or γ7 were similar to each other and to those Of β1γ1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4388-4395
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number6
StatePublished - Feb 11 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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