Fresh versus frozen embryo transfer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The fresh embryo transfer has traditionally performed in vitro fertilization (IVF) since 1978. The first pregnancy following the transfer of a frozen-thawed human embryo was reported in 1983. Since then, the clinical value of embryo cryopreservation has steadily increased over the decades. Improvements in vitrification now make frozen embryo transfer a viable alternative to fresh embryo transfer. The freeze-all strategy is a topic that has recently gained attention from clinicians and embryologists. The aim of this chapter is to provide an overview of the main cryopreservation strategies and discuss whether frozen embryo transfer is beneficial for diminished ovarian reserve patients in improving the clinical outcomes of IVF/ICSI cycles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDiminished Ovarian Reserve and Assisted Reproductive Technologies
Subtitle of host publicationCurrent Research and Clinical Management
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9783030232351
ISBN (Print)9783030232344
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019


  • Diminished ovarian reserve
  • Frozen embryo transfer
  • IVF success
  • Ovarian stimulation
  • Poor responder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Professions(all)
  • Medicine(all)


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