Sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma (SNUC) is a high-grade malignancy with limited treatment options and poor outcome. A morphological spectrum of 47 sinonasal tumours including 17 (36.2%) SNUCs was analysed at genomic level. Thirty carcinomas (cohort 1) were subjected to a hybridization exon-capture next-generation sequencing assay (MSK-IMPACTTM) to interrogate somatic variants in 279 or 410 cancer-related genes. Seventeen sinonasal tumours (cohort 2) were examined only for the presence of IDH1/2 exon 4 mutations by Sanger sequencing. IDH2 R172 single nucleotide variants were overall detected in 14 (82.4%) SNUCs, in two (20%) poorly-differentiated carcinomas with glandular/acinar differentiation, and in one of two high-grade neuroendocrine carcinomas, large cell type (HGNECs). No IDH2 mutation was detected in any of five olfactory neuroblastomas or in any of five SMARCB1-deficient carcinomas. Among 12 IDH2-mutated cases in cohort 1, five (41.7%) harboured co-existing TP53 mutations, four (33.3%) CDKN2A/2B loss-of-function alterations, four (33.3%) MYC amplification, and three (25%) had concurrent SETD2 mutations. AKT1 E17K and KIT D816V hotspot variants were each detected in one IDH2-mutated SNUC. The vast majority of SNUCs and variable proportions of other poorly-differentiated sinonasal carcinomas may be amenable to IDH2-targeted therapy.
- IDH2 R172
- sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine