FRAP DNA-dependent protein kinase mediates a late signal transduced from ultraviolet-induced DNA damage

Daniel B. Yarosh, Ponciano D Cruz, Irene Dougherty, Nicholas Bizios, Jeannie Kibitel, Karina Goodtzova, Dawn Both, Shari Goldfarb, Bryan Green, David Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Ultraviolet radiation induces signal transduction at both early (<6 h) and late (>6 h) times after exposure. The inflammatory and immunosuppressive cytokine tumor necrosis factor α is induced at late times, and is induced by ultraviolet-induced DNA damage, as defects in DNA repair increase, and enhanced photoproduct repair reduces, tumor necrosis factor α expression. Here we show that late tumor necrosis factor α gene expression is sensitive to rapamycin, implicating FKBP12-rapamycin-associated protein, a member of the DNA protein kinase family, as a signal transducer of ultraviolet-induced DNA damage. FKBP12-rapamycin-associated protein was localized in the nucleus of keratinocytes and its level was increased following ultraviolet irradiation. Immunoprecipitated FKBP12-rapamycin-associated protein was stimulated by ultraviolet-irradiated DNA to phosphorylate p53 in vitro, and in vivo rapamycin reduced ultraviolet induction of p53 by 20%. Rapamycin further inhibited the ultraviolet-induced phosphorylation of the FKBP12- rapamycin-associated protein downstream target kinase p70(S6K). In mice, topical application of rapamycin before ultraviolet exposure protected against suppression of the contact hypersensitivity that is a hallmark of ultraviolet-induced cytokine gene expression. These results demonstrate that the FKBP12-rapamycin-associated DNA protein kinase transduces the signal of ultraviolet-induced DNA damage into production of immunosuppressive cytokines at late times after ultraviolet irradiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1005-1010
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Investigative Dermatology
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2000


  • FRAP
  • Rapamycin
  • Signal transduction
  • TNFα
  • UV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Dermatology
  • Cell Biology


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