Feasibility and delivery of patient-reported outcomes in clinical practice among racially diverse bladder and prostate cancer patients

Angela B. Smith, Cleo A. Samuel, Sean D. McCabe, Allison Deal, Mattias Jonsson, Dana E. Mueller, Zahra M. Mahbooba, Antonia V. Bennett, Arlene E. Chung, Matthew E. Nielsen, Hung Jui Tan, Eric Wallen, Raj Pruthi, Andrew Wang, Ethan Basch, Bryce B. Reeve, Ronald C. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Objective: To assess the feasibility of enrollment and collecting patient-reported outcome (PRO) data as part of routine clinical urologic care for bladder and prostate cancer patients and examine overall patterns and racial variations in PRO use and symptom reports over time. Subjects/Patients and Methods: We recruited 76 patients (n = 29 Black and n = 47 White) with prostate or bladder cancer at a single, comprehensive cancer center. The majority of prostate cancer patients had intermediate risk (57%) disease and underwent either radiation or prostatectomy. Over half (58%) of bladder cancer patients had muscle invasive disease and underwent cystectomy. Patients were asked to complete PRO symptom surveys using their preferred mode [web- or phone-based interactive voice response (IVR)]. Symptom summary reports were shared with providers during visits. Surveys were completed at 3 time points and assessed urinary, sexual, gastrointestinal, anxiety/depression, and sleep symptoms. Feasibility of enrollment and survey completion were calculated, and linear mixed effects models estimated differences in outcomes by race and time. Results: Sixty three percent of study participants completed all PRO measures at all 3 time points. Black patients were more likely to select IVR as their survey mode (40% vs. 13%, P < 0.05), and less likely to complete all surveys (55% vs. 74%, P = 0.13). Patients using IVR were also less likely to complete all surveys (41% vs. 69%, P = 0.046). Conclusions: Reported preferences for survey mode and completion rates differ by race, which may influence survey completion rates and highlight potential obstacles for equitable implementation of PROs into clinical care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77.e1-77.e8
JournalUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Bladder cancer
  • Patient-reported outcomes (PROs)
  • Prostate cancer
  • Racial disparities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology


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