Immunization of mice with the idiotype (Id) immunoglobulin from the murine B cell lymphoma, BCL1, before inoculating tumor cells can induce tumor dormancy. In this model, the tumor cells grow for a short period of time and then regress. The mice live for months or years with approximately 1 million tumor cells in their spleens. Some mice relapse due to decreases in the anti-Id antibody titers or the development of mutations in the residual tumor cells which render them refractory to negative signaling by the anti-Id antibody. In this study we determined whether we could eliminate the residual dormant cells by using a DNA vaccine against the Id or by immunomodulation of T-cell subsets in vivo. Our results demonstrate that dormancy can be maintained by further immunizations with either the BCL1 Id protein or DNA vaccine encoding its single-chain Fv fragment. We also found that a cytotoxic T-cell response was not induced by either in vivo administration of vaccine alone or by the vaccine plus interleukin-2. In addition the injection of anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associate antigen did not prolong dormancy. Finally, the in vivo administration of anti-CD25 to deplete regulatory T cells did not prolong dormancy. Dormancy in this model is dependent primarily upon anti-Id antibodies, our results suggest that other strategies to target residual dormant BCL1 cells are warranted. They also suggest that the elimination of dormant tumor may represent a greater challenge than the elimination of primary tumors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Immunotherapy|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Cancer Research