Excellence in Communication and Emergency Leadership (ExCEL): Pediatric Primary and Secondary Survey in Trauma Workshop for Residents

Mariann Nocera Kelley, Laura Mercurio, Hoi See Tsao, Vanessa Toomey, Marie Carillo, Linda Brown, Robyn Wing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Introduction: Unintentional traumatic injury remains the leading cause of pediatric death in the United States. There is wide variation in the assessment and management of pediatric trauma patients in emergency departments. Resident education on trauma evaluation and management is lacking. This workshop focused on developing resident familiarity with the primary and secondary trauma survey in pediatric patients. Methods: This hands-on workshop utilized patient-actors and low-fidelity simulators to instruct learners on the initial assessment of trauma patients during the primary and secondary trauma surveys. It was designed for residents across all levels of training who care for pediatric trauma patients (including pediatrics, medicine-pediatrics, emergency medicine, and family medicine) and adapted for different session durations and learner group sizes. Results: Eighteen residents participated in this workshop at two separate institutions. Participants strongly agreed that the workshop was relevant and effective in teaching the initial primary and secondary trauma survey assessment of pediatric trauma patients. Residents also reported high levels of confidence in performing a primary and secondary trauma survey after participation in the workshop. Discussion: This workshop provided residents with instruction and practice in performing the primary and secondary trauma survey for injured pediatric patients. Additional instruction is needed on assigning Glasgow Coma Scale and AVPU (alert, voice, pain, unresponsive) scores to injured patients. The structure and time line of this curriculum can be adapted to the needs of an individual institution's program and the number of workshop participants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11079
Number of pages1
JournalMedEdPORTAL : the journal of teaching and learning resources
StatePublished - Jan 22 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Emergency
  • Emergency Treatment
  • Pediatric Emergency Medicine
  • Pediatric Residents
  • Pediatric Trauma
  • Pediatrics
  • Primary Trauma Survey
  • Secondary Trauma Survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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