Evaluation of Kinesiophobia in Survivors of Major Burn Injury

Won J. Jeong, Radha K. Holavanahalli, Karen J. Kowalske

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Kinesiophobia, the fear of movement and reinjury, has not been described in burn injury survivors. Physical activity is a key component of burn rehabilitation programs. Yet, not all burn survivors exercise at the recommended level. This is an exploratory study examining the association of the demographics and injury characteristics of burn survivors with a fear of movement. The subjective fear of movement was measured using the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia (TSK). The TSK score was compared between several demographics and injury characteristics by performing the independent sample t-test. Sixty-six percent of subjects in our study (n = 35), reported high levels of kinesiophobia (score 37 or above). The mean scores of the TSK were greater in males (40.7), non-white (43.0), Hispanic/Latino (41.1), age greater than 50 years (42.3), and TBSA burn of >15% compared to females (36.9), white (38.5), non-Hispanic/Latino (39.3), age 50 years or less (38.1), and TBSA 15% or less (39.4), respectively. However, with the exception of time postinjury, none of the mean differences were statistically significant. Subjects who had sustained a burn injury more than 12 months ago showed higher levels of kinesiophobia than the subjects who were injured within 12 months with a mean difference of 7.35 (P = .01). Thus, this study highlights the importance of 1) continued, long-term follow-up for burn survivors, and 2) appropriate educational and treatment interventions to address any underlying existing, new, or emerging medical issues that may contribute to the fear or avoidance of movement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1380-1385
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of burn care & research : official publication of the American Burn Association
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Rehabilitation


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