Esophageal spasm associated with apnea and bradycardia in an infant

J. P. Fontán, G. P. Heldt, M. B. Heyman, M. S. Marin, W. H. Tooley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


A newborn infant was found to have diffuse esophageal spasm in association with apnea and bradycardia. This association has not been physiologically documented before. The infant's condition improved after the administration of glycopyrrolate, an anticholinergic agent. It is speculated that the association of esophageal spasm and bradycardia may be mediated by the vagus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)52-55
Number of pages4
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 8 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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