Entrustable Professional Activities in General Surgery: Development and Implementation

Karen J. Brasel, Mary E. Klingensmith, Robert Englander, Marni Grambau, Jo Buyske, George Sarosi, Rebecca Minter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Scopus citations


Entrustable Professional Activities are a holistic assessment framework developed in the Netherlands in 2005, which have recently been adopted in undergraduate medical education in the United States. As part of an increased focus on competency-based assessment, the specialty of pediatrics has led the way in incorporating them into graduate medical education. We describe the development and initial pilot process of implementation of EPAs into the assessment of General Surgery trainees.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1174-1186
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Surgical Education
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2019


  • Assessment
  • Competency-based education
  • Entrustable Professional Activities
  • Entrustment
  • Evaluation
  • Interpersonal and Communication Skills
  • Medical Knowledge
  • Milestones
  • Patient Care
  • Practice-Based Learning and Improvement
  • Professionalism
  • Systems-Based Practice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Education


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