Enhanced transcription of pancreatic peptide YY by 1α-hydroxyvitamin D3 administration in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice

Jun Ozeki, Mihwa Choi, Kaori Endo-Umeda, Kenichi Sakurai, Sadao Amano, Makoto Makishima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Peptide YY (PYY) is a peptide hormone secreted from L cells in the intestine in response to food intake that regulates appetite and gastrointestinal function. PYY is also produced in the pancreatic islets. The vitamin D receptor (VDR) is a nuclear receptor for the active form of vitamin D3 that regulates numerous physiological processes. VDR is expressed in the pancreatic islets and pharmacological VDR activation increases PYY expression in mouse peripheral islet cells. Although VDR is present in insulin-producing β cells as well as non-β cells, the role of β cell VDR in Pyy transcription remains unknown. We treated mice with streptozotocin to ablate β cells in the pancreas. Pancreatic Vdr mRNA expression was decreased in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice. Interestingly, streptozotocin-treated mice exhibited increased basal Pyy expression and 1α-hydroxyvitamin D3 treatment further increased expression. Moreover, 1α-hydroxyvitamin D3 increased mRNA expression of pancreatic polypeptide and decreased that of neuropeptide Y in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice but not in control mice. 1α-Hydroxyvitamin D3 slightly increased mRNA expression of insulin but transcript levels were nearly undetectable in the pancreas of streptozotocin-treated mice. Thus, VDR in non-β islet cells is involved in Pyy expression in the mouse pancreas. The findings from this β cell ablation study suggest a hormone transcription regulatory network composed of β cells and non-β cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)329-332
Number of pages4
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Islet β cells
  • Neuropeptide Y
  • Pancreatic polypeptide
  • Peptide YY
  • Streptozotocin
  • Vitamin D receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Neurology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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