Endothelial cells are required for the cAMP regulation of cardiac contractile proteins

George Mcclellan, Andrea Weisberg, Lin Er Lin, David Rose, Claudio Ramaciotti, Saul Winegrad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The contractile proteins in mammalian cardiac muscle are regulated by a cAMP-dependent reaction that alters the activity of the actomyosin ATPase. The ATPase activity of cardiac actomyosin has also been shown to depend on factors released by small arteries in the myocardial tissue. Endothelial cells have been implicated in the regulation of the contractile force developed by isolated cardiac tissue. To determine whether endothelial cells are required for the cAMP-dependent regulation of the contractile proteins, the effect of cAMP on the actomyosin ATPase activity was measured in cryostatic sections of isolated, quickly frozen rat ventricular trabeculae. In half of the trabeculae, the endocardial endothelial cells had been damaged by a 1-sec exposure to 0.5% Triton X-100. In trabeculae with intact endothelial cells, cAMP increased actomyosin ATPase activity toward an apparently maximum value. In trabeculae with damaged endothelial cells, cAMP did not change actomyosin ATPase activity. The coronary venous effluent from an isolated heart has already been shown to modify the maximum isometric force developed by an isolated trabecula. The extent to which the force of the isolated trabecula is changed by the coronary venous effluent is closely related to the degree to which cAMP has up-regulated the actomyosin ATPase activity in the isolated heart donating the coronary effluent: the greater the degree of up-regulation of ATPase activity, the greater the increase in force produced by the effluent. These results indicate that endothelial cells are required for the cAMP-dependent regulation of cardiac contractile proteins to function, and these results further suggest that the myocardium autoregulates by modulating the cAMP regulation of contractile proteins with endothelial-derived factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2885-2889
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 1 1993


  • ATPase cardiac autoregulation
  • Actomyosin
  • Contractile proteins
  • Endothelial factors
  • Endothelium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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