Endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux in children with posterior urethral valves

Tayfun Oktar, Omer Acar, Ahmet Sancaktutar, Oner Sanli, Tzevat Tefik, Orhan Ziylan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Purpose: We reviewed the clinical outcome of endoscopic injection therapy in children with vesicoureteral reflux persisting after posterior urethral valve ablation. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 16 patients with posterior urethral valves who have undergone endoscopic injection to correct persistent reflux after successful relief of urethral obstruction. Breakthrough urinary tract infections, persistent highgrade reflux and failed ureteroneocystostomy were the indications of endoscopic antireflux surgery. Results: Reflux was grade I in 1, grade II in 3, grade III in 11 and grade IV in 4 ureters. Mean age at injection was 6.9 ± 3.8 years and the mean interval from initial intervention to injection was 4.3 ± 2.4 years. Injected material was dextranomer/hyaluronic acid in the majority (87.5 %) of cases. Reflux was resolved or downgraded in 12 ureters (63.1 %) after a single injection. All failed cases had urodynamically documented bladder dysfunction. Conclusion: More than half of the patients with vesicoureteral reflux, persisting after initial valve ablation, showed complete resolution or significant downgrading in their reflux grade after endoscopic injection. Given the technical difficulties and potential complications of open surgical reimplantation in valve patients, endoscopic subureteral injection can be considered as an effective alternative to cure persistent vesicoureteral reflux.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1305-1309
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Urology and Nephrology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2012


  • Endoscopic injection
  • Posterior urethral valve
  • Vesicoureteral reflux

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Urology


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