Infection and persistent inflammation have a prominent role in the pathogenesis of brain injury and cerebral palsy, as well as other conditions associated with prematurity such as bronchopulmonary dysplasia. The NLRP3 inflammasome-interleukin (IL)-1β pathway has been extensively studied in adults and pre-clinical models, improving our understanding of innate immunity and offering an attractive therapeutic target that is already contributing to clinical management in many auto-inflammatory disorders. IL-1 blockade has transformed the course and outcome of conditions such as chronic infantile neurological, cutaneous, articular (CINCA/NOMID) syndrome. Inflammasome activation and upregulation has recently been implicated in neonatal brain and lung inflammatory disease and may be a novel therapeutic target.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Developmental Biology