Objective: To determine which radiographic measures used to define the severity of hip dysplasia are associated with hip joint translation and to investigate relationships between position, body mass index, and joint translation. Materials and methods: This is a cross-sectional retrospective study evaluating 10 validated radiographic measures of dysplasia on weight-bearing AP pelvis and supine 45-degree bilateral Dunn radiographs of 93 young adults with symptomatic hip dysplasia presenting to a single academic institution between October 2016 and May 2019. We determined the difference between standing and supine measurements for each hip and the correlation of each measure with the patient’s body mass index. Results: Femoral head extrusion index was 2.49% lower on supine X-ray (p = 0.0020). Patients with higher body mass index had higher center gap distance (p = 0.0274), femoral head extrusion (p = 0.0170), and femoral head lateralization (p = 0.0028) when standing. They also had higher Tönnis angle (pstanding = 0.0076, psupine = 0.0121) and lower lateral center–edge angle (pstanding = 0.0196, psupine = 0.0410) in both positions. The difference in femoral head lateralization between standing and supine positions increased with higher body mass index (p = 0.0081). Conclusion: Translation of the hip joint with position change is demonstrated by decreased femoral head extrusion index on supine X-ray. Patients with higher body mass index had more dysplastic hips, as measured by five of six radiographic outcomes of dysplasia, and experienced more translation with weight-bearing, reflected by increased femoral head lateralization.
- Acetabular dysplasia
- Developmental dysplasia of the hip
- Joint translation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging