Dynamic simulation of the effect of soft toric contact lenses movement on retinal image quality

Yafei Niu, Edwin J. Sarver, Scott B. Stevenson, Jason D. Marsack, Katrina E. Parker, Raymond A. Applegate

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


PURPOSE. To report the development of a tool designed to dynamically simulate the effect of soft toric contact lens movement on retinal image quality, initial findings on three eyes, and the next steps to be taken to improve the utility of the tool. METHODS. Three eyes of two subjects wearing soft toric contact lenses were cyclopleged with 1% cyclopentolate and 2.5% phenylephrine. Four hundred wavefront aberration measurements over a 5-mm pupil were recorded during soft contact lens wear at 30 Hz using a complete ophthalmic analysis system aberrometer. Each wavefront error measurement was input into Visual Optics Laboratory (version 7.15, Sarver and Associates, Inc.) to generate a retinal simulation of a high contrast log MAR visual acuity chart. The individual simulations were combined into a single dynamic movie using a custom MatLab PsychToolbox program. Visual acuity was measured for each eye reading the movie with best cycloplegic spectacle correction through a 3-mm artificial pupil to minimize the influence of the eyes' uncorrected aberrations. Comparison of the simulated acuity was made to values recorded while the subject read unaberrated charts with contact lenses through a 5-mm artificial pupil. RESULTS. For one study eye, average acuity was the same as the natural contact lens viewing condition. For the other two study eyes visual acuity of the best simulation was more than one line worse than natural viewing conditions. CONCLUSIONS. Dynamic simulation of retinal image quality, although not yet perfect, is a promising technique for visually illustrating the optical effects on image quality because of the movements of alignment-sensitive corrections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)230-235
Number of pages6
JournalOptometry and Vision Science
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2008


  • Dynamic simulation
  • Retinal image quality
  • Soft toric contact lens
  • Visual acuity
  • Wavefront error

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Optometry


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