The second exon of HLA-DPB includes five polymorphic segments with extensive sharing of sequences between alleles. In order to facilitate assignment of specificities in heterozygous individuals, we have used group-specific amplification of two nonoverlapping sets of DPB alleles (here called group A and group B) with especially designed primers. Group A and group B polymerase chain reaction products were hybridized with sequence-specific oligonucleotide probes generating easily recognizable patterns which defined 24 distinct HLA-DPB alleles. We also established a routine procedure for distinguishing HLA-DP homozygosity from failed amplification in one of the alleles. Our results showed that when only one allele was detected, failure of amplification had occurrured in less than 4% of the cases. DNA typing with this method correlated well with primed-lymphocyte typing for HLA-DP in the Tenth Workshop, as determined by us in assays performed on the workshop B-cell lines. Two normal panels of unrelated subjects were tested to obtain population frequencies. We conclude that this method is simple, relatively quick, and accurate. It is the method of choice for studies to determine the role of HLA-DP alleles in T cell reactions, in various diseases, and in transplantation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy