Ionizing radiation is known to improve transfection of exogenous DNA, a process we have termed radiation-enhanced integration. Previous observations have demonstrated that Ku proteins are critical for radiation-enhanced integration. Since Ku proteins form the DNA-binding domain of DNA-PK and since DNA-PK is important in nonhomologous DNA end joining, it was hypothesized that DNA-PK function might be important for radiation-enhanced integration. The ATM protein has been shown to be important in the recognition of a variety of types of DNA damage and to associate with DNA-PK under certain conditions. It was thus hypothesized that ATM might also play a role in radiation-enhanced integration. To test these hypotheses, radiation-enhanced integration was measured in hamster cells that are defective in the catalytic subunit of DNA-PK and in human cells containing mutant ATM. Radiation-enhanced integration was not detected in any of the cell lines with mutant PRKDC (also known as DNA-PKcs), but it was present in cells of the same lineage with wild-type PRKDC. Radiation-enhanced integration was defective in cells lacking kinase activation. ATM-deficient cell lines also showed defective radiation-enhanced integration. These data demonstrate that DNA-PK and ATM must both be active for radiation-enhanced integration to be observed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging