Distribution of TmDOTP5- in rat tissues: TmDOTP5- vs. CoEDTA- as markers of extracellular tissue space

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The distribution of TmDOTP5- in rat tissue was compared with CoEDTA- , an anionic complex previously used as a marker of extracellular space. Heart, liver, muscle, blood, and urine were collected from rats after infusion of either complex and were quantitatively analyzed by atomic absorption spectroscopy. Although total TmDOTP5- in blood and tissue was consistently lower (0.88 ± 0.04; n = 6) than CoEDTA- after an identical infusion protocol (presumably because of some association of the phosphonate complex with bone), a comparison of blood and tissue contents indicated that the two anionic complexes distributed into identical extracellular spaces. Relative extracellular space in the in vivo liver, as determined by TmDOTP5- and CoEDTA-, was 0.18 ± 0.02 and 0.15 ± 0.01, respectively. The corresponding relative extracellular space values for the in vivo heart reported by the two agents were identical (0.11 ± 0.02). Experiments were also performed to evaluate the washout kinetics of TmDOTP5- from anesthesized rats. In rats given a total dose of 0.16 mmol TmDOTP5-, 81% appeared in urine by 180 min, <2% was found in all remaining soft tissue, leaving ~18% undetected. The rate of Tm appearance in urine was fit to a standard pharmacokinetic model that included four tissue compartments: plasma, one fast equilbrating space, one slow equilibrating space, and one very slow equilibrating space (presumably bone). The best fit result suggests that the highly charged TmDOTP5- complex is cleared from plasma more rapidly than is the typical lower charged Gd-based contrast agents and that release from bone is slow compared with renal clearance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1800-1805
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of applied physiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1998


  • Extracellular space marker
  • Intracellular sodium
  • Tissue distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)


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