Development and Validation of a Simulation Model for Laparoscopic Colpotomy

Pamela M. Frazzini Padilla, Sara Farag, Katherine A. Smith, Stephen E. Zimberg, G. Willy Davila, Michael L. Sprague

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: To develop a realistic simulation model for performance of laparoscopic colpotomy and evaluate its construct and face validity. METHODS: A simulation model was developed and constructed using polyvinyl chloride piping, a uterine manipulator, and synthetic vaginal tissue paired with a commercially available laparoscopic trainer. An observational study was conducted to validate the simulation model for use as a teaching tool. Construct validity was measured through performance evaluation of novice and expert surgeons using a standard and modified Global Operative Assessment of Laparoscopic Skills scale with possible score ranges of 5-25 and 5-40, respectively. Expert surgeons included attending surgeons across various gynecologic subspecialties who teach total laparoscopic hysterectomy to trainees and perform more than 50 total laparoscopic hysterectomies annually. Novice surgeons included residents who perform total laparoscopic hysterectomy as part of their training. Standards were set using a modified contrasting groups approach. Interrater reliability was calculated using Kendall's τ correlation coefficient. Participants were surveyed regarding the realism of the model and its utility as a teaching tool to assess face validity. RESULTS: Five expert and 15 novice surgeons volunteered to participate. Expert surgeons scored higher than novice surgeons on the Global Operative Assessment of Laparoscopic Skills scale (22.8±1.52 vs 13.53±2.69, respectively) with a mean difference of 9.27 (95% CI 7.12-11.4, P<.01) and on a modified Global Operative Assessment of Laparoscopic Skills scale (36.9±2.19 vs 22.6±3.95, respectively) with a mean difference of 14.30 (95% CI 11.2-17.4, P<.01). Suggested passing range was set at 30.5-32.5 out of 40 total points. Kendall's τ interrater reliability was 0.86 (95% CI 0.798-0.923) and 0.87 (95% CI 0.818-0.922), respectively. All participants agreed that the training model was useful for teaching and learning laparoscopic colpotomy and for assessing the learner's ability to perform colpotomy before live surgery. CONCLUSION: This validated simulation system offers novice surgeons an opportunity to practice the skill set necessary to perform laparoscopic colpotomy efficiently and may be used as an educational tool.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19S-26S
JournalObstetrics and gynecology
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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