Development and validation of a Hindi language health-related quality of life questionnaire for melasma in Indian patients

Rashmi Sarkar, Shilpa Garg, Arturo Dominguez, Rajesh Balkrishnan, R. K. Jain, Amit Pandya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Background: Melasma, which is fairly common in Indians, causes significant emotional and psychological impact. A Hindi instrument would be useful to assess the impact of melasma on the quality of life in Indian patients. Objective: To create a semantic equivalent of the original MELASQOL questionnaire in Hindi and validate it. Methods: A Hindi adaptation of the original MELASQOL (Hi-MELASQOL) was prepared using previously established guidelines. After pre-testing, the Hi-MELASQOL questionnaire was administered to 100 women with melasma visiting the out-patient registration counter of Safdarjung Hospital, Delhi. These women were also administered a Hindi equivalent of the Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) questionnaire. Melasma area severity index (MASI) of all the participants was calculated. Results: The mean MASI score was 20.0 ± 7.5 and Hi-MELASQOL score was 37.19 ± 18.15; both were highly, positively and significantly correlated. Reliability analysis showed satisfactory results. Physical health, emotional well-being and social life were the most adversely affected life domains. Limitations: It was a single-center study and the number of patients studied could have been larger. Conclusion: Hi-MELASQOL is a reliable and validated tool to measure the quality of life in Indians with melasma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16-22
Number of pages7
JournalIndian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016


  • Hindi
  • melasma
  • quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Infectious Diseases


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