Derivation of system matrix from simulation data for an animal SPECT with slit-slat collimator

Rutao Yao, Tianyu Ma, Yiping Shao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


We developed SPECT imaging capability on an animal PET system. Our goal was to provide animal PET users the SPECT capability at a low cost and facilitate potential PET/SPECT dual modality imaging applications. The SPECT function was enabled with a slit-slat collimator insert and by acquiring data in singles mode. The focus of this paper is to establish a method for deriving the system matrix for the SPECT system from Monte Carlo simulation. With the Monte Carlo package GATE, we simulated a uniform cylinder source which filled the SPECT field of view (FOV). To reduce the size of the original large and sparse system matrix, the detectors that were exposed to individual emission elements were selectively included for system matrix derivation and storage. The axial symmetry of the system was exploited so that only the base-axial volume was used for deriving system response. The system matrix derived was validated with point source measurements at known positions and implemented in an iterative reconstruction algorithm. The imaging performance of the system matrix was evaluated with experimental phantom studies. Reconstructed phantom images were artifact free and demonstrated expected spatial resolution. The method presented in this work is generally applicable to other SPECT imaging systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5280497
Pages (from-to)2651-2658
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2009


  • Image reconstruction
  • Monte Carlo simulation
  • PET/SPECT dual tracer imaging
  • System matrix

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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