Demographic Variables Associated with Fear of AIDS and Homophobia

Richard A. Bouton, Peggy E. Gallaher, Paul Arthur Garlinghouse, Terri Leal, Leslie D. Rosenstein, Robert K. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Scopus citations


During the fall of 1985, over 500 introductory psychology students participated in a survey which employed different questionnaires to measure Fear of AIDS, Knowledge of AIDS, Homophobia, and Behavior Change. Opinions about public policy regarding AIDS and homosexuals, and background information such as sex and religious preference were also obtained. The results indicated that males who knew the most about AIDS were less fearful of the disease than were males who knew the least. No such relationship was found for females. In addition, respondents reported that they have been changing their behavior in light of the AIDS epidemic. This included some behaviors which were related to AIDS and some which were not. Finally, political and religious conservatives were generally more homophobic and fearful of AIDS than were liberals. In addition, conservatives generally preferred protection of the public as an approach to controlling the AIDS epidemic while liberals generally preferred to educate the public.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)885-901
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Issue number11
StatePublished - Aug 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology


Dive into the research topics of 'Demographic Variables Associated with Fear of AIDS and Homophobia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this