Defocused orientation and position imaging (DOPI) of myosin V

Erdal Toprak, Joerg Enderlein, Sheyum Syed, Sean A. McKinney, Rolfe G. Petschek, Taekjip Ha, Yale E. Goldman, Paul R. Selvin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

198 Scopus citations


The centroid of a fluorophore can be determined within ≈1.5-nm accuracy from its focused image through fluorescence imaging with one-nanometer accuracy (FIONA). If, instead, the sample is moved away from the focus, the point-spread-function depends on both the position and 3D orientation of the fluorophore, which can be calculated by defocused orientation and position imaging (DOPI). DOPI does not always yield position accurately, but it is possible to switch back and forth between focused and defocused imaging, thereby getting the centroid and the orientation with precision. We have measured the 3D orientation and stepping behavior of single bifunctional rhodamine probes attached to one of the calmodulins of the light-chain domain (LCD) of myosin V as myosin V moves along actin. Concomitant with large and small steps, the LCD rotates and then dwells in the leading and trailing position, respectively. The probe angle relative to the barbed end of the actin (β) averaged 128° while the LCD was in the leading state and 57° in the trailing state. The angular difference of 71° represents rotation of LCD around the bound motor domain and is consistent with a 37-nm forward step size of myosin V. When β changes, the probe rotates ±27° azimuthally around actin and then rotates back again on the next step. Our results remove degeneracy in angles and the appearance of non tilting lever arms that were reported.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6495-6499
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number17
StatePublished - Apr 25 2006


  • 3D orientation
  • Fluorescence imaging with one-nanometer accuracy
  • Lever arm
  • Single molecule

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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