Current State of the Workforce in Nephrology

Eleanor Lederer, Jonathan Lebowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


The number of individuals with CKD and end-stage kidney disease continues to rise as the interest in nephrology as a career choice is declining among internal medicine residents. Simultaneously, the emergence of integrated healthcare delivery models encompassing multiple levels of nonphysician healthcare workers plus advanced technological capabilities offer innovative mechanisms for the delivery of optimal care for patients at risk for and suffering from CKD. Critical to the success of these models is the identification of aspects of nephrology care specific to and appropriate for each type of kidney care professional and the development of organizational structures that both define and facilitate the flow of patient care. However, several factors in addition to the declining interest in nephrology pose significant obstacles to the development of the optimal nephrology work force including gender imbalance in leadership and nonleadership positions, gender disparity in compensation, inadequate diversity in ethnicity of nephrologists, and perceptions of inadequate compensation and a poor work life balance. Recent studies suggest that some, but not all, of these challenges are being addressed, though full resolution will require creative and concerted efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)281-290.e1
JournalAdvances in Chronic Kidney Disease
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2020


  • Compensation
  • Ethnicity
  • Gender imbalance
  • Nephrology workforce
  • Work-life balance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology


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