Cuirass Ventilation: An Alternative Home-Based Modality for Chronic Respiratory Failure

Chidinma Onweni, Saima Rashid, Rachna Goswami, Jennifer Treece, Lindsey C. Shipley, Randal De Souza, Luke O’Neill, Tander Simberloff, Steven J. Baumrucker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The biphasic cuirass ventilation (BCV) device is an alternative respiratory support device for patients with chronic respiratory failure. Considered by some a “forgotten” mode of supportive ventilation, the device is portable, lightweight, and easy to operate. Biphasic cuirass ventilation can also be used to rapidly resuscitate patients in acute respiratory distress and requires minimal technical skill to operate. Biphasic cuirass ventilation can be employed by the patient’s caregiver in the home setting, making it a viable alternative to other forms of mechanical ventilation (e.g., BiPAP) for patients enrolled in home hospice or palliative care. The article reviews current knowledge and aims to enhance awareness and encourage further study about cuirass ventilation, particularly with regard to its use in treating patients in the palliative care setting and in the home.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-44
Number of pages5
JournalHome Health Care Management and Practice
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • biphasic cuirass ventilation
  • critical care medicine
  • mechanical ventilation
  • neuromuscular disease
  • palliative medicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Leadership and Management
  • Community and Home Care
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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