Craniofacial Fibrous Dysplasia of the Skull Assisted by Virtual Surgical Planning

Bar Y. Ainuz, Imran Rizvi, Alex A. Kane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Craniofacial fibrous dysplasia (FD) involves thickening of the skull and facial bones, causing asymmetry and distortion of overlying soft tissues. Surgical contouring is often performed with rotary bur or osteotome, with the goal of matching contralateral unaffected anatomy. This is made technically challenging by having no direct visualization of contralateral structures, and the desire to control depth of resection to match the contour of the unaffected side. In our report, a 13-year-old male presented for surgical evaluation of craniofacial FD affecting the right parietal/temporal bones. A novel virtual surgical planning approach of premade drilling template with numerous pilot guide holes was used to assist bone debulking. The pilot holes allowed precise burring of the dysplastic bone. The patient achieved excellent calvarial contour symmetry without unintended intracranial extension. We believe that virtual surgical planning and drilling depth guides are effective tools in the reconstruction of craniofacial FD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E628-E632
JournalJournal of Craniofacial Surgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - Sep 1 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Craniofacial surgery
  • drilling guide
  • fibrous dysplasia
  • pediatrics
  • virtual surgical planning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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