Conversion total hip arthroplasty (THA) after previous intertrochanteric (IT) hip fracture is a unique operation that is different from the routine primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) done for osteoarthritis or femoral head necrosis. Conversion THAs are similar to revision THAs with regard to complexity, technical challenges, implant costs, and perioperative complications. A literature review was performed with specific focus on the surgical techniques, patient outcomes, and financial burdens of conversion THAs after IT fracture treatment with either a sliding compression hip screw with side plate (SSP), or a cephalomedullary nail (CMN). The reported data demonstrated similar technical challenges regardless of the method of the index treatment of the IT fracture. The surgeon must plan and be prepared for more difficult and extensile exposure, available instruments for the hardware removal, altered proximal femoral geometry, and available implant inventory for the reconstruction. The outcomes are consistent with higher rates of instability and infection in the conversion THAs compared with primary THAs. There is no significant difference in the clinical outcomes of conversion THAs following either SSP or CMN. Overall, conversion THAs pose greater technical challenges. The clinical outcomes of conversion THAs remain inferior to the primary THAs. The complications and patient functional outcomes are similar to those following revision THAs.
- conversion total hip arthroplasty
- intertrochanteric hip fracture
- revision arthroplasty
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine