Consumptive coagulopathy is associated with organ dysfunction during PICS

Leah K. Winer, Nadine Beckmann, Rosalie A. Veile, Michael D. Goodman, Charles C. Caldwell, Vanessa Nomellini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Patients who survive the acute phase of sepsis can progress to persistent inflammation, immunosuppression, and catabolism syndrome (PICS). Although sepsis is characterized by early hypercoagulability and delayed hypocoagulability, coagulopathy during chronic critical illness is not fully understood. The objective of this study was to determine whether sepsis-induced PICS is associated with coagulation abnormalities. Using our previously described murine PICS model, outbred mice underwent cecal ligation and puncture, and coagulability was characterized after 8 days. We found that during PICS the spleen became markedly enlarged with increased splenocytes and splenic megakaryocytes without a concomitant increase in circulating platelets. Microscopy revealed a nearly sevenfold increase in pulmonary microvascular thrombi in PICS mice, along with significantly decreased pulmonary tidal volumes and inspiratory times and with significantly increased respiratory rates. Thromboelastometry showed that PICS mice had significantly delayed clot initiation time but increased clot firmness. Finally, PICS mice displayed delayed thrombin production and decreased overall thrombin concentrations. All together, these data demonstrate a general dysregulation of coagulation resulting in microthrombus formation and compromised lung function. On the basis of these findings, we propose that consumptive coagulopathy constitutes another cardinal feature of PICS and may contribute to the ongoing tissue damage and multiple organ failure that can occur in chronic critical illness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L946-L952
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume316
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Coagulopathy
  • Pics
  • Pulmonary microthrombi
  • Sepsis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology

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