Consumer Sleep Tracking Devices: A Critical Review

Jeon Lee, Joseph Finkelstein

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

50 Scopus citations


Consumer sleep tracking devices are widely advertised as effective means to monitor and manage sleep quality and to provide positive effects on overall heath. However objective evidence supporting these claims is not always readily available. The goal of this study was to perform a comprehensive review of available information on six representative sleep tracking devices: BodyMedia FIT, Fitbit Flex, Jawbone UP, Basis Band, Innovative Sleep Solutions SleepTracker, and Zeo Sleep Manager Pro. The review was conducted along the following dimensions: output metrics, theoretical frameworks, systematic evaluation, and FDA clearance. The review identified a critical lack of basic information about the devices: five out of six devices provided no supporting information on their sensor accuracy and four out of six devices provided no information on their output metrics accuracy. Only three devices were found to have related peer-reviewed articles. However in these articles wake detection accuracy was revealed to be quite low and to vary widely (BodyMedia, 49.9±3.6%; Fitbit, 19.8%; Zeo, 78.9% to 83.5%). No supporting evidence on how well tracking devices can help mitigate sleep loss and manage sleep disturbances in practical life was provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDigital Healthcare Empowering Europeans - Proceedings of MIE 2015
EditorsRonald Cornet, Lacramioara Stoicu-Tivadar, Ronald Cornet, Carlos Luis Parra Calderon, Stig Kjaer Andersen, Alexander Horbst, Mira Hercigonja-Szekeres
PublisherIOS Press
Number of pages3
ISBN (Electronic)9781614995111
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes
Event26th Medical Informatics in Europe Conference, MIE 2015 - Madrid, Spain
Duration: May 27 2015May 29 2015

Publication series

NameStudies in Health Technology and Informatics
ISSN (Print)0926-9630
ISSN (Electronic)1879-8365


Conference26th Medical Informatics in Europe Conference, MIE 2015


  • Consumer health devices
  • review
  • sleep trackers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Health Informatics
  • Health Information Management


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