Complications of Chronic Total Occlusion Angioplasty

Emmanouil S. Brilakis, Dimitri Karmpaliotis, Vishal Patel, Subhash Banerjee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations


Every percutaneous coronary intervention carries risk for acute and long-term complications. This is also true of chronic total occlusion (CTO) interventions, which can also have complications specific to specialized techniques, such as retrograde crossing and dissection/reentry techniques. Acute CTO intervention complications can be coronary artery-related, cardiac noncoronary, or noncardiac. In the long term, CTO interventions can be complicated by in-stent restenosis, stent thrombosis, or coronary aneurysm formation. Understanding of the pathogenesis of possible CTO intervention complications can facilitate prevention, early recognition, and prompt treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)373-389
Number of pages17
JournalInterventional Cardiology Clinics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2012


  • Chronic total occlusion
  • Complications
  • Percutaneous coronary intervention
  • Stents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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