Comparison of Robot-Assisted Versus Open Simple Prostatectomy for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Ankur A. Shah, Jeffrey C. Gahan, Igor Sorokin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Purpose of Review: Recent advancements in minimally invasive approaches for prostate surgery have provided numerous options for surgical management of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). In the setting of a large prostate, an open simple prostatectomy was previously considered the gold standard surgical treatment. However, the recently updated American Urological Association (AUA) guidelines on surgical management of BPH now consider both open and minimally invasive approaches to simple prostatectomy viable alternatives for treating large glands, depending on expertise with the techniques. The purpose of our review is to discuss the minimally invasive robot-assisted approach and compare it to the classic open approach to simple prostatectomy. Recent Findings: Despite longer operative times, the robotic approach is associated with shorter hospital stay and lower morbidity profile. The morbidity of an open approach remains significant. Blood transfusions are 3–4 times as likely compared to a robotic approach and major complications are twice as likely. Consistent with previous literature, our review shows functional outcome improvements like flow rate and symptom score to be comparable between the robotic and open approach. The amount of adenoma resected and PSA decline is also similar among robotic and open cases. Summary: Robot-assisted simple prostatectomy is a safe and effective procedure for BPH secondary to a large prostate gland. Appropriately, it is no longer deemed “investigational” by the latest AUA guidelines on BPH and recommended as an alternative to the open approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number71
JournalCurrent Urology Reports
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018


  • BPH
  • OSP
  • RASP
  • Robotic simple prostatectomy
  • Simple prostatectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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