Comparison between in-phase and opposed-phase T1-weighted breath-hold FLASH sequences for hepatic imaging

Neu M. Rofsky, Jeffrey C. Weinreb, Michael M. Ambrosino, Julian Safir, Glenn Krinsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Purpose: Our goal was to compare in-phase (IP) and opposed-phase (OP) sequences for GRE breath-hold hepatic imaging. Method: Non-contrast-enhanced IP and OP GRE breath-hold images were obtained in 104 consecutive patients referred for abdominal MRI at 1.0 T. For both sequences, the TR, FA, matrix, FOV, slice thickness, interslice gap, and measurements were kept constant. Images were compared quantitatively [liver/spleen and liver/lesion signal difference/noise ratio, (SD/N)] and qualitatively (artifacts, lesion detection and conspicuity, and intrahepatic anatomy). Results: There was no statistically significant difference when comparing IP and OP sequences for liver/spleen and liver/lesion SD/N or for the qualitative parameters. In patients with fatty infiltration, the OP sequences yielded substantially lower values for liver/spleen and liver/lesion SD/N (0.9 and -1.2, respectively) than the IP sequences (20 and 17, respectively). Furthermore, in several cases with fatty infiltration, many more lesions were identified using IP images. Conclusion: The use of IP and OP GRE sequences provides complementary diagnostic information. Focal liver lesions may be obscured in the setting of fatty infiltration if only OP sequences are employed. A complete assessment of the liver with MR should include both IP and OP imaging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)230-235
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of computer assisted tomography
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 22 1996


  • Chemical shift imaging
  • Liver
  • Liver, cirrhosis
  • Liver, neoplasms
  • Magnetic resonance imaging, rapid
  • Magnetic resonance imaging, techniques

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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