Columnar Specificity of Microvascular Oxygenation and Volume Responses: Implications for Functional Brain Mapping

Sameer A. Sheth, Masahito Nemoto, Michael Guiou, Melissa Walker, Nader Pouratian, Nathan Hageman, Arthur W. Toga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

122 Scopus citations


Cortical neurons with similar properties are grouped in columnar structures and supplied by matching vascular networks. The hemodynamic response to neuronal activation, however, is not well described on a fine spatial scale. We investigated the spatiotemporal characteristics of microvascular responses to neuronal activation in rat barrel cortex using optical intrinsic signal imaging and spectroscopy. Imaging was performed at 570 nm to provide functional maps of cerebral blood volume (CBV) changes and at 610 nm to estimate oxygenation changes. To emphasize parenchymal rather than large vessel contributions to the functional hemodynamic responses, we developed an ANOVA-based statistical analysis technique. Perfusion-based maps were compared with underlying neuroanatomy with cytochrome oxidase staining. Statistically determined CBV responses localized accurately to individually stimulated barrel columns and could resolve neighboring columns with a resolution better than 400 μm. Both CBV and early oxygenation responses extended beyond anatomical boundaries of single columns, but this vascular point spread did not preclude spatial specificity. These results indicate that microvascular flow control structures providing targeted flow increases to metabolically active neuronal columns also produce finely localized changes in CBV. This spatial specificity, along with the high contrast/noise ratio, makes the CBV response an attractive mapping signal. We also found that functional oxygenation changes can achieve submillimeter specificity not only during the transient deoxygenation ("initial dip") but also during the early part of the hyperoxygenation. We, therefore, suggest that to optimize hemodynamic spatial specificity, appropriate response timing (using ≤52-3 sec changes) is more important than etiology (oxygenation or volume).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)634-641
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 21 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Cerebral blood flow
  • Cerebral blood volume
  • High resolution
  • Initial dip
  • Neurovascular coupling
  • Optical imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)


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