Co-expression of Endothelin-1 and Endothelin-Converting Enzyme-1 in Patients with Chronic Rhinitis

Kanako Furukawa, Dina Saleh, Farideh Bayan, Noriaki Emoto, Semiko Kaw, Masashi Yanagisawa, Adel Giaid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Several studies have suggested an important role for endothelin in the pathophysiology of the upper and lower respiratory tract. In the present study, we have investigated the localization of endothelin-1 (ET-1) and endothel in-converting enzyme-1 (ECE-1) messenger RNAs (mRNAs) and immunoreactivities in the human nasal mucosa by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. Inferior turbinates were obtained from 32 patients at surgery. Histopathologic examination of nasal biopsy specimens revealed that 17 patients had chronic inflammation and 15 patients had normal mucosa. Immunostaining for ET-1 and ECE-1 was seen in the surface epithelium, endothelial cells, submucosal glands, and infrequently in vascular smooth muscle cells, in all subjects. There was significantly more staining for ET-1 and ECE-1 in nasal glands and inflammatory cells in patients with chronic inflammation than in those with normal nasal mucosa. In patients with chronic inflammation, strong immunoreactivity for ECE-1 was seen over inflammatory cells. In situ hybridization showed abundant expression of ET-1 and ECE-1 mRNAs over the surface epithelium, glands, vessels, and inflammatory cells. Both immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization demonstrated the expression of ET-1 and ECE-1 immunoreactivities and mRNAs in similar sites, and also independently. The present findings demonstrate the co-expression of ET-1 and its converting enzyme in the human nasal mucosa and suggest a possible role for the endothelin system in the pathogenesis of chronic rhinitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)248-253
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology


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