Clinical implication of immunoglobulin g levels in the management of patients with helicobacter pylori infection

Daniel Wang, Timothy Chiu, Kwok Wai Chiu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Objective: The objective of this research was to gauge the diagnostic utility of serology tests compared with urea breaths tests (UBTs) and determine reliable threshold values/ranges for diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection using only immunoglobulin (Ig) G results.

Methods: Data were obtained from 371 patients with UBTs and/or serology tests. Quantitative results were converted to multiple of minimum positive value (MMPV). Results were paralleled to obtain percentage change in serum IgG levels and 95% confidence intervals were obtained to establish new ranges for diagnosis.

Results: Treated patients with only serology tests in a time frame of 3 to 6 months after final treatment displayed a 68.33% 2.95% decrease in 95% confidence interval of serum IgG. Uninfected patients with serology and UBT results within 2 weeks displayed a range of 1.32 0.23 MMPV; infected patients produced a range of 3.32 0.88 MMPV.

Conclusion: Treated patients should display a 65.38% to 71.28% decrease in serum IgG levels, along with an ending IgG level of <1.75 U/mL or <4.025 EV (ELISA value). Before treatment or exposure, patients with serum IgG values of 1.09 to 1.55 U/mL or 2.507 to 3.565 EV or lower are generally uninfected. Because of the lower cost and high confidence of results, we believe that IgG testing should be considered as a reasonable and even perhaps preferred method of monitoring H. pylori infections. (J Am Board Fam Med 2014;27:682- 689.).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)682-689
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Board of Family Medicine
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Cancer
  • Cost Effectiveness
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Gastric Ulcer
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases
  • Helicobacter pylori

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Family Practice


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