Chinese dimensions of parenting: Broadening western predictors and outcomes

Sunita Mahtani Stewart, Nirmala Rao, Michael H. Bond, Catherine McBride-Chang, Richard Fielding, Betsy D. Kennard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

106 Scopus citations


This study examined perceived parental styles and psychosocial adjustment in 97 Hong Kong Chinese late adolescent girls, using culturally sensitive measures of parenting (warmth, restrictive control, and attributes related to the Chinese philosophy of guan or "training"), and of adjustment. Parenting characteristics associated with guan showed coherence, correlated significantly with parental warmth, and predicted well-being. Contrary to the suggestions of other investigators, restrictive control related negatively to self-esteem and well-being. Maternal control and paternal warmth emerged as important parent style variables in relating to adaptation, and exercized their effects on well-being partly through the mediating agency of self-esteem and relationship harmony. This preliminary study provides an empirical investigation of the impact exercized by a culturally specific dimension proposed for Chinese parenting, and highlights the importance of using culturally sensitive measures of adaptation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)345-358
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Psychology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology(all)


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