Cervical cancer screening among HIV-infected women in an urban, United States safety-net healthcare system

Arti Barnes, Andrea C. Betts, Eric K. Borton, Joanne M. Sanders, Sandi Pruitt, Claudia Werner, Andres Bran, Carolee D. Estelle, Bijal A. Balasubramanian, Stephen J. Inrig, Ethan A Halm, Celette S Skinner, Jasmin A Tiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Objective: Little is known about cervical cancer screening and results patterns among HIV-infected (HIV+) women in real-world healthcare settings. We characterized two periods of screening opportunity. Design: Retrospective cohort. Setting: US safety-net healthcare system in Dallas County, Texas. Participants: We analyzed data from electronic medical records (EMR) of 1490 HIV+ women receiving care 2010-2014. Main outcome measures: At baseline, we categorized a woman's Pap status 15 months prior to index date as under-screened (vs. screened), and cytology result (normal vs. abnormal). Then, we examined screening completion and results, and colposcopy uptake and results after an abnormal screen, in the subsequent 15-month period. Results: More than half of women (56%) had no evidence of a Pap test (i.e. underscreened) at baseline. Under-screened women were more likely to be older (50-64 years), have diabetes, and unknown viral load; they were less likely to be Black, Hispanic, have Medicaid, recently pregnant, have a HIV clinic visit, or a CD4+ cell count at least 200 cells/ml. Nearly half of under-screened women (46%, n=383) remained under-screened in the subsequent 15 months. Among women underscreened at baseline who later completed screening and follow-up during the study period, 21 high-grade dysplasia and three cancers were diagnosed. Overall, 40% of women did not receive colposcopy when needed, with most failures to follow-up occurring in women who were under-screened at baseline. Conclusion: Most HIV+ women receiving care in a safety-net system did not receive sufficient screening for cervical cancer and remained at exceptionally high risk of developing high-grade dysplasia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1861-1870
Number of pages10
Issue number13
StatePublished - 2018


  • Cancer screening
  • Cancers
  • Cervical cancer
  • HIV
  • Papanicolaou test
  • Safety-net providers
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases


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