The effects of dipyridamole, a coronary and peripheral vasodilator drug, on cardiac performance were investigated in nine patients with severe chronic heart failure. Dipyridamole (30 to 80 mg IV) increased cardiac index (1.63 to 2.65 l/min/m2) and decreased systemic vascular resistance (2097 to 1124 dyn/sec/cm-5). Left ventricular filling pressure decreased (23.7 to 20.7 mm Hg) without significant changes in mean right atrial pressure or heart rate. These effects were similar to the hemodynamic responses after 100 mg hydralazine in the same patients, but they were of shorter duration (<90 min). In contrast, oral dipyridamole induced only modest responses in three of eight patients despite large single doses of the drug (150 to 300 mg). Dipyridamole is a rapid-acting short-lived vasodilator, which exerts predominantly arterial vasodilator actions similar to those of hydralazine. Due to inconsistent response after oral doses, however, the therapeutic application of dipyridamole in long-term management of chronic heart failure appears to be limited.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)